Coupon election december 1918
It was announced that the General Election would take place on 12th December.
Correspondence for September-December 1918
The First World War had made respectable both government intervention in the economy and public ownership of some essential industries. Alfred Milner described these policies as "war socialism". David Lloyd George believed that this marked a change in the way the economy was organised and wanted to make this one of the main issues of the campaign as he feared the "socialist message" of the Labour Party might be popular with the public. Lloyd George agreed with the left-wing economist, J. Hobson , who believed that "The war has advanced state socialism by half a century".
David Lloyd George did a deal with Arthur Bonar Law that the Conservative Party would not stand against Liberal Party members who had supported the coalition government and had voted for him in the Maurice Debate. It was agreed that the Conservatives could then concentrate their efforts on taking on the Labour Party and the official Liberal Party that supported their former leader, H.
Lloyd George ran a campaign that questioned the patriotism of Labour candidates. This included Arthur Henderson , the leader of the Labour Party who had served in the government as Minister without Portfolio. Henderson's crime was that he did not call for the Kaiser to be hanged and for Germany to pay the full cost of the war.
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He might not be a pacifist but he had his foot on the slippery slope. According to Duff Cooper , Lloyd George feared his tactics were not working and he asked the the main newspaper barons, Lord Northcliffe , Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook , for help in his propaganda campaign. However, he wrote to George Riddell that he would not use his newspapers and personal influence to "support a new Government elected at the most critical period of the history of the British nations" unless he knew "definitely and in writing" and could approve "the personal constitution of the Government".
When Riddell passed along this demand for the names of his prospective ministers to Lloyd George, he replied that he would "give no undertaking as to the constitution of the Government and would not dream of doing such a thing. Lloyd George told Northcliffe he could "go to hell". One friend remarked: "Each described the other as impossible and intolerable. They were both very tired men and had been getting on one another's nerves for some time. Previously, the newspaper had supported H. Asquith and had been highly critical of Lloyd George during the Maurice Debate.
The newspaper gave its full support to Lloyd George during the General Election. David Lloyd George argued during the campaign that he was the "man who won the war" and he was "going to make Britain a fit country for heroes to live in. The government minister, Eric Geddes , promised to squeeze Germany "until the pips squeak". In reply to those Labour politicians who called for a fair peace agreement that would prevent further wars, Lloyd George responded by calling them "extreme pacifist Bolsheviks".
The Liberal Party returned 36 seats and its leader H.
Women at the polls: some London incidents
Asquith was defeated at East Fife. National Labour Coalition. Coalition National Democrats. It was not until November that Asquith, his time as Prime Minister almost exhausted, assured the House that "we shall not proceed with the Bill until after the discussion of the larger questions".
Women vote in a UK general election for the first time December | Politics | The Guardian
This discussion was shuffled off on to another device dreamed up by the Coalition Government in general and by the Local Government Board Minister, the Tory Walter Long, in particular. This became known as the Speaker's Conference. The Speaker took the chair, and the membership of the committee including of lords, knights and dignitaries from the great and good in the Commons.
The original list included such bitter opponents of franchise extension as the Marquis of Salisbury and Sir Frederick Banbury - though two resigned presumably in protest at the pro-suffrage balance in committee on the day of its first meeting, 12 October The Conference sat 26 times until 26 January , and debated 37 resolutions which 34 were passed unanimously.
Not unanimous was a decision to extend the vote to women - though not to all women: for some reason young women were deemed a greater threat to the established order than older women. The Conference was undecided as to the age at which the vote should be extended to women - some thought 30, some thought 35, but no one argued against votes for women in principle. Now it excites no emotion whatever. The antis kept up their whining through a long debate in a committee of the whole House, but they had lost the support of most MPs. The Bill rolled through the House of Lords with the grudging support of the Government spokesman there, Lord Curzon, formerly chairman of the Anti-Suffrage League, and on to its royal assent in February Two million more men and 6 million women, 5 million of them married, were on the electoral register in time for the post-war election in December.
Seventeen women stood for Parliament for the first time.
In the Representation of the People Act granted universal male enfranchisement for men aged over twenty-one; previously, property qualifications had barred 40 per cent of them from voting in national elections. Female householders aged over thirty were also granted the vote, though this left women without property including most domestic servants and those in their twenties disenfranchised. These were important victories for the labour suffrage movements, won from a government that fearfully hoped for a more stable transition to peace than the revolution and revolt seen in Russia and Germany.
The Downfall of the Liberal Party.
Cornell University Press. Liberal Party UK. Palmerston —65 Gladstone —75 Hartington —80 Gladstone —94 Rosebery —96 Harcourt —98 Campbell-Bannerman — Asquith — Granville —65 Russell —68 Granville —91 Kimberley —94 Rosebery —96 Kimberley — Spencer —05 Ripon —08 Crewe — Samuel —31 Sinclair —35 Harris —45 vacant —49 M Lloyd George —51 vacant —62 Wade —64 vacant —76 Pardoe vacant Beith — First Gladstone ministry —74 Second Gladstone ministry —85 Third Gladstone ministry Fourth Gladstone ministry —94 Rosebery ministry —95 Campbell-Bannerman ministry —08 First Asquith ministry — Asquith coalition ministry —16 Lloyd George ministry — Liberal Assembly.
Conservative Party. Conservative Party Archive. Churchill Smith Balfour Law A. Law Baldwin N. Chamberlain W. Second, that this is the traditional way in which parliamentary democracies sort out these kinds of muddles and that is to call elections. My main nervousness about it is that — if the parties continue to pretend that they behave as if they were all of one mind — then we will be no further forward.
Voters might reasonably complain that they were being sold pigs in pokes. So what is to be done? My proposal is that, uniquely, for one election only, Parliament should wave the deposit, so that — alongside the traditional parties — we can vote for a Soubry party of Tory remainers, a Moggite party of Conservative party of hard brexiteers, and a Starm-ite either love it or hate it, like Marmite of Labour remainers.
Nor should we pretend that the Lib Dems are any less divided. It is just that the Liberal Leavers have drifted off to vote for others. The real constitutional impropriety is a government that is unable to enact its business but refuses to call an election. The election almost exactly a century ago, in December , was known as the coupon election — the coupon was provided to candidates across various parties who were approved by the coalition government.
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Perhaps what we need now is a multiple coupon election, so that every constituency includes a candidate to make the case for their version of the way forward. Welcome to the Radix blog in ! Vote count:. Radix is the radical centre think tank.
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We welcome all contributions which promote system change, challenge established notions and re-imagine our societies. The views expressed here are those of the individual contributor and not necessarily shared by Radix. Jim and the Lion is a fabulous poem, and you quote a line which I also use often.